- Somaliland gained independence from Great Britain in June 1960 and became a sovereign state.
- Although it is one of the most stable countries in the Horn of Africa, sharing borders with Djibouti to the west, Ethiopia to the south and Somalia to the east, Somaliland has no yet been recognized as a sovereign state.
- Here are 7 reasons why Somaliland has long deserved recognition from the world.
Contrary to what many people believe, Somaliland is not, and never has been, part of Somalia.
Somaliland gained independence from Great Britain on June 26, 1960 and became a sovereign state. Four days later, Somalia gained independence from Italy and became a sovereign state called the State of Somalia.
Liberty Square, Hargeisa, Somaliland The two nations – the State of Somaliland and the State of Somalia then agreed to form a union called the Somali Republic, not Somalia.
The Act of Union clearly states “[t]The State of Somaliland and the State of Somalia are hereby united and will remain forever united in a new unitary, independent, democratic republic to be called the SOMALIAN REPUBLIC.
Somalilanders are celebrating their country’s independence day at a later date Therefore, it is technically wrong to suggest that Somaliland seeks independence from Somalia or to say that Somaliland secedes from Somalia.
Somaliland simply withdrew from a “union”, whose legal status under international law was a suspect in the first place.
The “union” honeymoon was short-lived and the people of Somaliland immediately realized they had made a colossal mistake; they overwhelmingly rejected the Union’s Constitution when it was put to a national referendum in 1961, despite the Somali people having ratified it.
Mogadishu, capital of Somalia In 1991, when the central government of Mogadishu collapsed and civil war broke out in Somalia, it was no surprise that the people of Somaliland exercised their right to self-determination and ended the legally dubious union of the two states, Somaliland and Somalia.
Although it is one of the most stable countries in the Horn of Africa, sharing borders with Djibouti to the west, Ethiopia to the south and Somalia to the east, Somaliland has no yet been recognized as a sovereign state.
Considering that, here are 7 reasons why Somaliland has long deserved recognition by the world.
1. Somaliland is a model of post-conflict state building
The President of Somaliland, Muse Bihi Abdi, receives the Special Representative of the United Nations Secretary-General for Somalia, Nicholas Haysom. The world and Africa have a lot to learn from Somaliland’s success.
The country is an example of how peace and reconciliation can be achieved through indigenous conflict resolution measures.
Since 1991, the country has established a climate of peace and security and has regularly organized democratic local, parliamentary and presidential elections.
The country has even developed its own currency.
Read also: How Somaliland, a small predominantly Muslim nation, was able to play a role in the birth of Jesus Christ
Capital of Somaliland, Hargeisa Today, Somaliland is one of Kenya’s largest markets for khat and is even pushing to strengthen economic and cultural ties with the country.
The country is pushing for direct trade and political relations with Hargeisa instead of Mogadishu and is in the process of seeking direct flights between Nairobi and Hargeisa
2. Somaliland has a legitimate government and holds free and fair elections every 5 years
Somaliland Parliament Building While most countries in the Horn of Africa are still lost in “unnecessary and primitive” civil wars after every election, Somalia is an example of a mature state where the rule of law reigns. in master.
The country boasts of a rapidly developing democracy with political parties and periodic elections at local parliamentary and presidential levels that have been deemed by observers to be peaceful and largely fair and free.
3. Somaliland does not have the “African dictator” syndrome
Republic of Somaliland New President Muse Bihi Abdi and Vice President Abdirahman Saylici are sworn in Unlike some African countries, Somaliland experiences peaceful power changes that occur regularly.
Over the past 20 years, Somaliland has had four presidents who were democratically elected and transferred power smoothly without any problem.
Bashe Omar, Somaliland envoy to Kenya The last two changes came after the 2003 national elections (which were won with a slim majority of just 227 votes) and in 2010.
4. Somaliland has functional arms of government
A cargo ship is seen in the port of Berbera in Somaliland on December 5, 2015 Somaliland is an example of a country where government institutions strive to be inclusive and willing to govern by consensus.
Despite limited resources, public order is maintained and fundamental rights and freedoms are generally respected in Somaliland.
Somaliland lives by the rule of law and judgments by the courts The country lives by the rule of law and judgments by the courts.
In 2018, the country made history after passing the first anti-rape law where rapists now face at least 30 years in prison.
5. Somaliland is a nation at peace with itself and its neighbors
An independence monument in Hargeisa, Somaliland. Somaliland’s current relations with Ethiopia and Djibouti show how a recognized Somaliland can strengthen peace in an otherwise unstable country.
6. Somaliland is a firm fighter against terrorism
Hargeisa University In today’s world where extremism is heard here in some countries, Somaliland is a bulwark against terrorism and a steadfast ally of all countries fighting terrorism and extremism.
Also Read: Why Parents In Somaliland Have To Bribe Their Sons With Cars
Somaliland’s Constitution, first adopted in 1997, is unique in that it commits the state and the nation to fight terrorism “regardless of the motives”.
7. Somaliland fights against piracy in the Indian Ocean
Somaliland Security Forces There is no room for pirates on land or at sea in Somaliland and those captured by Somaliland forces are on trial and serving long sentences.
The country is a determined opponent of the piracy raging in the Gulf of Aden and the Indian Ocean, and its “apologists”. By GEORGE TUBEI Source: Pulse Live Kenya
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